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    Practical Building Conservation
    Since the original series of Practical Building Conservation appeared in 1988, it has become a standard reference for those caring for historic buildings large and small: essential reading for architects, surveyors and building managers, as well as conservators. Ashgate Publishing and English Heritage are now publishing an update to this seminal series. The new series has not only been updated to cover the latest techniques and materials, but has been greatly expanded and copiously illustrated. They look in detail at building materials ranging from the ancient to the modern, and are studded throughout with practical advice.
    The first nine volumes are available now from Ashgate
    • Conservation Basics
    • Building Environment
    • Roofing
    • Metals
    • Stone
    • Timber
    • Mortars, renders and plasters
    • Glass and glazing
    • Concrete
    • Earth, brick and terracotta is expected in March 2015

    Town trails and bibliography of building and roofing stones

    Find information about your local stones using the author or county lists

    New Hereford City Centre Trail

    Conservationbooks and articles

    Technical publications

    SSS Atlas

    Historic England Strategic Stone Study county atlases 
    Thirty one building stone atlases have been published.


    Hereford City Centre Trail
    A town trail for the City of Hereford which describes buildings from Mediaeval to fairly modern times including the glorious Cathedral.

    McCall J. 

    2011 English Stone Forum 21pp

    External links to English Heritage's Historic Environment Local Management (HELM) guidance library and local authority guidance

    Selecting the Correct Stone
    This Stone Federation Great Britain guide is based on relevant sections of a number of British Standards, Codes of Practice and trade documents. It sets out the current best practice for the selection of natural stone for larger cladding, flooring, paving and masonry projects. It considers the important issues relating to the interpretation of samples, the role of the quarry/mine/factory visit in the assessment of the stone selection and the relevant factors appropriate to the evaluation of the technical properties of the stone, and if necessary, to a successful testing regime. It aims to identify the common misunderstandings and is designed to help the specifier to make an informed selection of a suitable stone for their project.

    Full text version

    Historic England. Building in Stone: Information for teachers .pdf download

    British Stone Federation advice from 1954 to 1964
    Twenty five facsimiles bulletins on British stones and their use. 

    If you're looking for up-to-date advice see Stone Federation GB publications or Stone standards and guidance

    England's Heritage in Stone
    Editors Peter Doyle, Terry Hughes, Ian Thomas 

    Now available at £8.00 plus £2.00 postage and packing. Cheques payable to the National Stone Centre. 

    Copies are also available in the libraries of universities and colleges which run building conservation courses and in the British Library and the other legal deposit libraries (Bodleian Oxford, Cambridge University, Trinity College Dublin, National libraries of Wales and Scotland).

    The English Stone Forum
    The papers presented at the 2005 conference on England's stone built heritage covering the historic use of stone, conservation practice, supply of stone, and planning issues associated with the use of indigenous stone.

  • England's Heritage in Stone Peter Doyle, Geoconservation Commission
  • Historical Perspective of Conservation, Chris Wood, English Heritage
  • Building Stone as a Resource Tim Yates Building Research Establishment
  • Vernacular Slate and Stone Roofs in England, Terry Hughes, Slate and Stone Consultants
  • The development of the Victorian Stone Industry, Graham Lott, British Geological Survey
  • Vernacular Stone Buildings in Northamptonshire, Diana S. Sutherland
  • A Geologist's Guide to Building, Stone Eric Robinson
  • Limestone Petrography and Durability in English Jurassic Freestones Tim  Palmer, University of Wales, Aberystwyth
  • Field Guide to the Upper Permian Cadeby Formation (Magnesian limestone) of Yorkshire,  G K Lott and A H Cooper
  • Hopton Wood Stone, England's premier decorative stone. Ian Thomas National Stone Centre
  • Conference Abstracts


    Planning for the Supply of Natural Building and Roofing Stone in England and Wales 
    Office of the Deputy Prime Minister

    Published in 2004 this report reviewed the state of supply and demand for building stone and the planning environment in which it operated. It recommended:

    • revisions to minerals planning policy
    • designations of heritage quarries
    • creation of a national database of building and roofing stones including their 
      • Description
      • Suitability
      • Existing sources
      • Extent of unworked resources
      • Constraints on production and
      • Importance
    The summary is available here as a .pdf download. The full report is available from Communities and Local Government Publications. Please quote ISBN 1 85 112691 0 when ordering. The price is £25. Payment can be made by credit or debit card, or by cheque or postal order made out to The Department for Communities and Local Government (a pro forma invoice can be requested, if required). Delivery will be 5-7 days from receipt of payment.

    Yorkshire Dales farm building and drystone walls

    Study of the social and economic impacts and benefits of traditional farm building and drystone wall repairs in the Yorkshire Dales National Park. 

    • The grant schemes have played a very important role in preserving the barn and wall landscapes that define the character of such a large part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The survey of agreement holders found that without this injection of funding over three quarters of the traditional farm buildings (76%) would have become derelict through lack of maintenance.
    • The survey also found that much of the drystone wall restoration work would not have been undertaken if the grant-aid had not been available. 
    • It is estimated that in the absence of the schemes over 350 traditional farm buildings would have become derelict.
    Four part Acrobat download available from here under S for Study.

    Lake District farm buildings

    Study of the social and economic impacts and benefits of traditional farm building and repair and reuse in the ESA.

    • Businesses working on grant funded restorations tend to be small, locally

    • based and often family run. They will also tend to predominantly employ
      local people, and support traditional local skills. A large share of any indirect
      and induced expenditure will therefore remain in the local economy.
    Acrobat download available from here under S for Study. The executive summary is available here

    Identifying and Sourcing Stone for Historic Building Repair
    English Heritage 

    Comprehensive guidance on assessing existing stone in historic buildings, the technical criteria for selecting replacement stone for repairs and obtaining supplies.

    Obtainable from English Heritage, Customer Services, PO Box 569, Swindon SN2 2YP 0870 429 6658. Ask for product code 51024.

    Minerals Policy Statement 1

    Available here as a .pdf download. Can be purchased from The Stationery Office, PO Box 29, Norwich NR3 1GN. Order through the Parliamentary Hotline: 0845 7023 474, fax: 0870 600 5533, textphone 0870 240 3701, email: or visit to buy online.

    Natural Stone Directory includes more than 2,000 entries covering natural stone quarries, wholesalers, stonemasons, equipment and service suppliers, and industry related organizations.

    Natural Stone Specialist is the UKís only magazine dedicated to the natural stone industry. Published monthly, each issue features some of the most interesting projects in stone, both new build and conservation, including the views of architects and designers, clients, and the masonry companies involved.

     Journal of Architectural Conservation Published three times a year, the international journal for historic buildings, monuments and places offers a valuable resource on:
    • Building types Building materials and their conservation 
    • Recent case studies 
    • Developments in specific construction techniques 
    • Research results from key investigations
    Past copies

    Building Conservation Directory
    The largest and most comprehensive source of information in the UK that is designed to meet the needs of historic buildings.

    Links to stone articles

    Link to all BCD articles

    Stone Roofing in England

    The geology, sources and use of sandstones and limestones for roofing in England. 

  • Saving England's stone slate roofs
  • Stone roofing in England
  • Sourcing new stone slates and re-roofing the nave of Pitchford church
  • Obtainable from Gillards Worldwide, Trident Works, Marsh Lane, Temple Cloud, Bristol BS39 5AZ
    01761 452966;
    Quote ISBN 1-902916-32-8 PRODUCT CODE 50749.

    Historic England slate and stone roofing films and other guides

    These two short films demonstrating the slating of Collyweston amd Swithland slate roofs are part of English Heritage's series of practical advice on maintenance and repair.

    Stone Slate Delphs
    A guide to making a mineral planning application for a stone slate quarry or delph.

    The Stone Roof Working Group's guide to making a mineral planning application for a small quarry or delph. Before you can open a quarry or delph you must obtain planning permission from the local council. This can appear to be more difficult than it really is, so don't be put off. Help and support are available from many organisations and if the various steps are approached methodically with a clear plan of action in mind you will find that the process is straightforward. 

    This guide sets out the stages in preparing an application and where to go for help and advice. Every council will have a Local Plan that is intended to ensure that the market for stone products can be satisfied without unacceptable consequences. So if there is a demand for the products then the mineral planning process will normally support its supply. It applies equally to small building stone quarry applications.

    It can be obtained from the Institute of Historic Building Conservation at free of charge or downloaded here (pdf). Be sure to include your name, delivery address and phone number in the email. 

    IHBC, Jubilee House, High Street, Tisbury SP3 6HA. 01747 873133

    The Roofs Of England
    Now out of print but can be viewed here (external link)

    The extraordinary richness of Englandís built heritage is a reminder of our ingenuity in response to our surroundings and their particular environmental and geographical characteristics. The roofs and walls of historic buildings are clues to the geology of the surrounding landscape, and demonstrate the skill by which the local population used available resources to provide shelter thereby developing the vernacular or traditional local buildings we now cherish. 

    Horsham Stone Roofs - Updated August 2009.
    A guide to the two methods of stone roofing in Sussex and adjacent counties. Published by the Stone Roofing Association with the support of English Heritage. 

    The 2009 edition has been revised and updated to include the latest experience of mortar used in the single lap system.

    Free download here.

    Glossary of Stone Roofing
    Slate and stone roofing systems use many specialist terms.  These short document defines those used for stone roofs with seversl illustrated.

    Free download here.

    English Heritage Research Transactions vol 2 Stone
  • Stone consolidants - Brethane
  • Lime treatments
  • Lime method evaluation
  • Sacrificial graffiti barriers
  • Soft wall capping experiments
  • Conserving fractured and detaching stone tracery
  • Stone repair of a cracked column at the Wellington arch
  • Obtainable from Gillards Worldwide, Trident Works, Marsh Lane, Temple Cloud, Bristol BS39 5AZ
    01761 452966;
    Quote ISBN 1-873936-97-4902916 32 8 PRODUCT CODE 50749.

    English Heritage Minerals Policy

    Historic England Minerals Policy
    A guide to the English Heritage position on mineral extraction, high level policy documents and the winning, working and safeguarding of minerals. View it here (pdf file) or order a copy from English Heritage Customer Services 0870 333 1181 or email ask for product code 51396.

    Mineral extraction and archaeology: English Heritage's practice guide.
    An aid to planning authorities. mineral planners, archaeologists amd consultants in dealing with archaeological remains as part of a mineral development process. Download pdf

    Using the practice guide Download pdf

    Stone Federation Great Britain
    The Stone Federation publishes several books about stones and how to use them. A full list can be obtained from here (external link).

    Guide to Best Practice on the Cleaning of Internal and External Masonry Surfaces

    This new Stone Federation GB publication includes stone, brick, terracotta, concrete and faïence. It is currently being offered at a special introductory price of £30.00 (£15.00 for Stone Federation members) including postage and packing (postal charge for overseas).

    Guide to minerals safeguarding

    The British Geological Survey publishes many guides to building stone and minerals planning. Some can be downloaded from the Minerals UK website. All can be ordered from their bookshop.

    BGS Building Stones website
    Introduction to Mineral Planning
    Mineral Planning Factsheet Building Stone
    Mineral Commodity Profiles Building Stone

    Sustainable development document

    A guide to mineral safeguarding in England
    Mineral Planning Statement 1 requires Regional Planning Bodies, Mineral Planning Authorities and Local Planning Authorities to define Mineral Safeguarding Areas in Local Development Documents. This free booklet provides a guide to complying with this responsibility. Download here.